Next.js vs React

Next.js vs React
Written by Shuvhojit DebNovember 22, 2021
10 min read
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Shuvhojit Deb

Today we'll discuss the difference between Next.js, and React.

What is Next.js?

Next.js is a React framework for developing single-page Javascript applications. The benefits of this framework are numerous, both for our clients’ applications as well as for our development team. The more we, as users, interact digitally, the more impatient we become as our expectations are not met by websites and apps that fail to load within milliseconds. Technology decisions play a large part in being able to deliver highly performant, scalable, successful applications and as such, we have started using Next.js for several reasons; for the most part, related to speed and performance. So what are the benefits specifically?

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What is React?

React is a JavaScript library created for building fast and interactive user interfaces for web and mobile applications. It is an open-source, component-based, front-end library responsible only for the application’s view layer. In Model View Controller (MVC) architecture, the view layer is responsible for how the app looks and feels.

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Overview

Next.js

Speed & Coding: You write less code and the project is easy to follow.

Performance: Apps built with Next.js are incredibly fast.

Features: Next.js supports static export pre-rendering and has many more nice features like automatic building size optimization, faster developer compilation, and a preview mode.

Documentation: Well-written.

Community: Tiny but friendly.

Talent pool: Narrow.

Easy to learn: Easy.

Development cost: Low.

React

Speed & Coding: First with the help of CRA.

Performance: Decent, but the lack of code splitting results in poor performance.

Features: React is easily extensible aandan include features like routing as well as state management patterns with libraries like Redux.

Documentation: Well-written.

Community: Both huge and friendly.

Talent pool: Broad.

Easy to learn: Easy.

Development cost: Low.

Pros of Next.js

  • It's incredibly fast: Apps built with Next.js are incredibly fast due to static site creation and server-side rendering.
  • The deployment is simple: One of the goals of Vercel, the company behind Next.js, was to make it as easy as possible to deploy React apps. And they did it - you're just a few clicks away from getting ready for deployment.
  • Ability to use API routes: If you want to bundle your app with third-party APIs, you usually need a native API, and Next.js makes it easy to build. Briefly, Next.js offers API routes that will do all that stuff.
  • Easy to set up: While the CRA setup is tricky, Next.js makes it easy by allowing you to add Webpack loaders or Babel plugins.

Cons of Next.js

  • It's cocky: Considering Next.js is restricted to using only a file router, you cannot change the way it works with routes. Going forward, you'll need a Node.js server to use dynamic routes.
  • Router: If you later want to use a router other than its own, populated one (or perhaps add Redux), you will find that it is not so flexible.

Pros of React

Building dynamic web applications just got easier: Building a dynamic web app specifically using HTML strings was tricky because it required complex coding, but React solved that problem and made it easier.

Support for convenient tools: React has also gained popularity due to its handy set of tools. These tools make the developer's task clear and simple.

Optimized for SEO: Traditional JavaScript frameworks have an SEO problem. Search engines usually have trouble reading JS-heavy applications. Many web developers have criticized this problem. React solves this task by helping developers navigate various search engines with ease. This is because React apps can run on the server and the virtual DOM will render and return to the browser just like a normal web page.

Reusable components: React consists of multiple components, and each component has its logic and controls. These components are responsible for rendering a small, reusable piece of HTML that can be reused wherever you need it.

Learn and use: It comes with a good set of documentation, tutorials, and training resources. Any developer with JavaScript experience can easily understand and start building web applications using React in a few days.

Increased productivity: React improves performance through the virtual DOM.

Cons of React

Updated documentation: This is another disadvantage in constantly updated technologies. React technologies are updated and accelerated so quickly that there is no time to create proper documentation. To overcome this, developers write instructions themselves as new releases and tools become available in their current projects.

High rates of development: High growth rates have both advantages and disadvantages. In the event of the inconvenience that the environment is constantly changing so quickly, some developers do not feel comfortable regularly re-learning new ways of working. It can be difficult for them to accept all these changes with all continuous updates. They need to constantly update their skills and learn new ways of doing business.

View part: React only covers the app's UI layers and nothing else. Therefore, you still need to choose other technologies to get a complete set of development tools for your project.

What is Next.js good.

What should we use?

Next.js

When it comes to server-side rendering and generating static websites, Next.js is the best solution. Such projects can be easily handled with the tools and features that Next.js has to offer. Building web applications is easiest done using Next.js.

React

When it comes to building user interfaces for single-page applications, React is undoubtedly the best software to use. React is used to work with the view layer of web and mobile apps, thus, allowing you to easily make your application look more appealing and easier to use. React also offers the possibility to create reusable UI components, thus, saving you lots of time when developing single-page applications.

Conclusion

In conclusion, when working behind the scenes, Next.js has more features and tools to simplify the job, while React.js has better resources for working on the front-end aspect of your web or mobile application.

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Next js vs React
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Copyright techiio.com @2020
made with by Abhishek & Priyanka Jalan