Django Framework Review - Pros and Cons

Django Framework Review - Pros and Cons
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Written by Debarghya DasNovember 26, 2021
5 min read
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Debarghya Das

Junior Front-End Developer

In this article, we will know about Django framework Pros and cons

About Django

The First version of Django was released in 2005. It is implemented in Python, still on the market, and still gaining more and more users every year. Django—pronounced “Jango,” named after the famous jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt—is a free, open-source framework that was first publicly released in 2005. Django facilitates “rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.” The Django web framework, deployed on a web server, can help developers quickly produce a web frontend that’s feature-rich, secure, and scalable.

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Pros of Django

Batteries included - Ready for your MVP:

Django helps developers by speeding up the development process. It includes its own Object Relation Mapping (ORM) layer for handling database access, sessions, routing, and multi-language support. It also takes care of security while handling requests. It includes an admin panel (called django-admin) for managing models data by default.

Security:

Django includes prevention of common attacks like Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) and SQL Injections. More technical details can be found in the official security overview guide.

Python inside:

Everything is explicit, following the mentioned Zen of Python, where explicit is always better than implicit. In the case of Django it means: you have to configure it first. It’s the opposite of convention over configuration. It’s the perfect framework for developers used to Python. Django inherits all Python’s benefits, like great support for external libraries and programmer productivity boost. It significantly speeds up development.

Cons of Django

Speed:

Badly-designed architecture combined with Python, which is not the fastest language around, may lead to slow websites. So make sure that your app is properly optimized. Django offers its own benchmarks to check the speed of internals and spot all bottlenecks. Caching and a bunch of different optimizations can be applied. Check out a complete guide.

Ensuring a well-optimized and scalable architecture from the beginning should save you a lot of problems with speed in the future. Django powers huge web applications - experiencing speed issues is not a problem of Django itself, but rather a question of proper configuration and architecture design.

Lack of convention:

In comparison to frameworks like Ruby on Rails (which is a perfect example of the Convention Over Configuration approach), everything has to be explicitly defined, which leads to configuration boilerplate that may slow down the development process. On the other hand, relying on configuration is a common practice for the Python ecosystem.

Not always the right choice:

Always pick the best tool for the job. Django may not be the right choice for really small sites, like static one-pagers or microservices - it this case you may want to use Flask.

Django was designed to deliver standard web applications really fast. This means that it combines all the pieces needed to compose simple a CRUD app, but also more complicated web applications. For a really simple services it might be too complicated with all the “batteries” included.

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Debarghya Das
Junior Front-End Developer
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