Junior Front-End Developer
Backend is a technical term that is used by computer professionals and coders. Basically, the backend is the programmer’s code that deals with server-side operations, including CRUD functions with database and all server logic.
The majority of operating syntax and data is backlogged and obtained in the backend of any application. Users can’t access the backend of any computer application.
Here we are going to discuss one of the best leading backend technologies. Each server-side technology has its core features and limitations. It is crucial to decide which one is suitable according to the requirements of your project.
In simple words, Express.js is an open-source backend framework for Node.js. Using frameworks streamlines application development, and improves the general user experience.
Less Overhead: This backend technology helps with its built-in features for DOM access and hoop etc. This leads to fewer scripting overheads and improves performance.
I/O Request Handling: Express.js in conjunction with Node.js, has enough power to handle thousands of notifications and I/O requests from application users.
Python is a main universally handy programming language made by a Dutch software engineer Guido van Rossum in 1991. With center skill of succinct and discernible codes, Python upholds backend developers to compose reasonable and unequivocal contents.
As indicated by the 2020 Developer Survey of Stack Overflow, it is the most needed back-end innovation that designers need to learn. Indeed, it is the fourth year straight where designers need to learn Python as a need.
It keeps up with the third situation among the most adored programming innovations too.
Easy to Understand & Code: The core competency of Python is its readability feature. Actually, Python’s precise scripting makes it easy to understand and code for both newbies and programmers. Sometimes, it also seems like the English sentences.
Extensive Libraries: The backend programming technology downloads extensive libraries. These libraries include codes for unit-testing, databases, regular expressions, browsing, and email, etc. In short, with the support of extensive libraries, backend engineers don’t have to write each code manually.
Affordable: Python is open-source and free. That is why developers and companies have the chance to use free extensive libraries and other sources for their projects.
IoT Opportunities: With the help of Python’s modern programming features, you can build physical projects on Raspberry Pi.
Embeddable: It is easy to insert your Python code in the source code of languages like C++. However, the coder shouldn’t forget the Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA) rule here.
Ruby is another open-source backend innovation that was planned by Japanese PC researcher Yukihiro Matsumoto during the 1990s. This scripting language has similarities with Python, Java, and Perl.
Ruby is normally utilized for the improvement of web applications and is viewed as the top choice for prototyping.
Tech businesses like Esty, Airbnb, and Shopify are utilizing Ruby as backend prearranging innovation because of its item situated, versatility, and adaptable programming highlights.
Productive: Due to short readable code and 3rd party libraries’ availability, Ruby is a very product backend technology. Developers typically need fewer separate documentation with Ruby. It allows backend technologies to use already available projects.
Metaprogramming: Ruby also backs metaprogramming. In metaprogramming, the developer scripts code in Ruby, and the program presents the other code itself. With flexible tools like ghost methods, introspection, and macros, it is convenient to script in a short duration.
Libraries: Ruby offers 3rd party modules. You can find all of its libraries at RubyGems.
Testing: Ruby backend technology is also worth-using for the development of high-quality projects. These are testing automation features and valuable libraries of Ruby that make it happen.
Fast & Stable: Compared to other backend scripting languages, Ruby takes 40% less time in developing a code. It is also quick for making requests and further processing steps. In the same token, Ruby is also more resilient due to its object-oriented characteristics.
PHP is a main server-side prearranging innovation that was presented by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. This open-source backend innovation is normally utilized for sites. Around 79.1% of sites on the web use PHP as server-side innovation, as indicated by a new review of W3Techs.
This universally useful prearranging language is not difficult to utilize and improve data in the data sets. The accessibility of a few current systems, enormous local area, powerful codebase, and simple arrangement additionally increases the value of this innovation.
It is smarter to utilize PHP along with MySQL and Linux Apache.
Open Source & Platform Independent: A variety of free PHP libraries are available on the web. Coders can use them for fast backend development. Though operating systems like Windows, Linux, etc., primarily support PHP, but you can also run PHP web applications on any platform.
Cost-Effective: With the presence of free and open-source communities, it is quite convenient to code with PHP. That is why it is inexpensive to hire a PHP backend developer. It also has the second last position among the top paying technologies in the United States as per the 2020 Stack Overflow Developer Survey.
Simplifies Programming: Instead of using lengthy SQL code, PHP frameworks allow developers to get the benefit of providing object-relational mapping (ORM) systems. Similarly, the use of model-view-controller (MVC) architecture also makes it easy to code server-side functions for developers.
Best for Beginners: PHP is suitable to learn for first-time backend engineers. Features like running sequence and no learning curve make PHP beginners’ choice to learn.
Automate the Development Tasks: With PHP scripting technology, it is easy to automate development tasks like session management, URL mapping, authentication, etc.
Security Against Target Attacks: No doubt, developers take PHP as an unsecured backend language. But with built-in security functions, you can avoid these threats.
Java is one of the most impressive backend technologies, which has the subsequent position, as indicated by the TIOBE Index. James Gosling initially fostered this programming innovation in 1991, yet it was distributed in 1995 by Sun Microsystems.
Designers like to make highlight rich and versatile web applications with Java for a really long time. Howbeit, you can utilize Java for cell phones, serious, and microcontroller programming advancement too.
Simple & Highly Scalable: Java EE is highly scalable because it permits numerous instances to server requests. Instant availability of Java components and unambiguous syntax technology also makes it simple for developers to use this backend language.
Multi-Threading: Java allows to handle all requests in independent threads due to a multi-threaded web server. With this multi-threading feature, Java functions very well for CPU-intensive applications.
Open-Source Libraries: A variety of open-source libraries such JSON parsing, messaging, PDF, unit testing and excel libraries available for Java. Java developers can use these resources to expedite their server-side tasks.
Security: Java offers terrific features to overcome security risks. Likewise, Java Virtual Machines examine java bytecodes to detect and reduce the risk of viruses. Similarly, the security model of Java and testing of reusable codes help developers in avoiding security threats.
C# known as C-sharp is one of the most popular backend programming dialects liked for computerization in the Windows climate. C# is also used for web development in the ASP.net framework. It is one of the oldest programming languages and an extension to C++.
This backend innovation is most usually utilized for work area applications and implanted frameworks at this time. The execution speed of C# is quicker than the vast majority of the other programming dialects, i.e., Python.
In the modern world, C# is most widely used in game development using Unity like platforms. Backend engineers also use this backend technology to develop console applications.
Object-Oriented Language: C# is an object-oriented language that means you can structure your code using classes and relationships. It is helpful to implement the system with easy troubleshooting if something goes wrong.
Cross-Platform: The applications that use the C# backend can operate in different operating systems such as Windows, macOS, etc. Please read this article about cross platform frameworks to know more.
Compatibility: C# applications allow interoperability with older legacy systems. This backend scripting technology is also useful for organizations that are not updated and using old programming frameworks.
Automatic Garbage Collection: C# has the ability to remove all the garbage on the system. This feature is beneficial for the quick execution of the program. This garbage collection does not let the system hang during the execution of the application.
Perl is another broadly useful backend innovation that Larry Wall created 32 years prior. As indicated by the Stack Overflow Developer Survey, Perl is the highest paying innovation all around the world.
Coincidentally, it is important to realize that a similar review additionally positions Perl among the initial three feared dialects.
Whereas Perl is pretty old-fashioned, but developers are still using Perl 5 for quick automation and prototyping.
Multi-Platform: Perl can operate with distinct platforms, including Macintosh, Windows, and Most UNIX variants.
Open-Source: Like the other rival backend technologies, Perl also offers open-source and free libraries. However, in many cases, they could again ask for small copying charges.
Embeddable & Extensible: Perl can easily embed in any of C++ and C applications. Though SWIG and XS, Perl also backs external libraries of C and C++.
Text Processing: Perl is a perfect scripting language for text processing. Luckily, Perl’s recent versions also maintain POSIX-compliant systems and process socket calls with other advanced features.
C++ is a drawn out rendition of C language. C++ was presented with classes. This idea of classes or article arranged writing computer programs was absent in C language.
Object-arranged writing computer programs is fundamental for any programming language in the advanced world to compose organized code utilizing classes and by characterizing their connections.
C++ is one of the oldest programming languages and is mostly used in system programming & embedded systems. C++ is a low-level language, and it can interact with the hardware resources. It is used for gaming applications, operating systems, database software, etc.
Portability: Platform independence is one of the critical features of C++ applications. You can execute C++ applications on different platforms or operating systems.
Object-Oriented Programming: C language does not support object-oriented programming, but C++ fulfills this deficiency. This feature makes this language more powerful and easy to code with structured programming.
Memory Management: Programmers get complete control over memory management using C++. It can help the programmer to manage memory effectively to execute the program.
Low-Level Language: C++ is a low-level language and close to the system. Therefore, most of the embedded systems are built in C++ because it can directly interact with the hardware resources.
Kotlin is a backend programming language that is being used for the development of android applications.
It is taking over Java for the development of android applications, and its demand is increasing day-by-day. Over 60% of android app developers are using Kotlin at the backend. Kotlin interoperates completely with Java & JVM.
JetBrains introduced Kotlin as a backend programming language for Android applications in 2011. Since then, it has become one of the most famous programming languages in the world of computer science.
Concise Code: Programmers can solve more significant problems by writing fewer code lines than in other languages.
Easy to Maintain: Due to concise code, Kotlin helps the programmers easily read and maintain the code.
Interoperable with Java: This programming technology is completely compatible with Java. Programmers do not need to change the whole project to switch to Kotlin. With all Java tools & technologies, you can add it to your Kotlin project to implement additional functionalities.
Scala is a high-level language that combines object-oriented & functional programming to make it more concise.
The Scala compiler is helpful for static types. You do not need to work for types as the system will work for you about static types. It makes this backend programming language more helpful & useful.
Concise: This backend programming language combines object-oriented & functional programming. That makes the code more concise & more comfortable to maintain.
Interoperable with Java: Scala runs on JVM, and it is entirely compatible with Java programming language. The code can be written in Java & Scala at the same time to get the desired results from the system. This seamless integration with Java is beneficial for Java developers to use this backend technology.
Easy to Maintain: The concise Scala code can easily maintain & programmers can read the code easily. It helps the programmers to understand the code quickly, significantly when a project is shifted from one programmer to another.
This guide shared one of the main backend advancements with perusers. We thought about TIOBE Index, Stack Overflow Developer Survey, and web innovation study of W3Techs to bring factual information with respect to server-side advances.
Ideally, the top backend innovations we clarified above would help you in settling on the ideal choice.
I trust you enjoyed this article! Assuming this is the case, you may likewise be intrigued to find out about the best backend systems. To know more, kindly read the article Top 10 Backend Frameworks.
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