Technology Security Analyst
WebSocket is a computer communications protocol, providing full-duplex communication channels over a single TCP connection. The WebSocket protocol was standardized by the IETF as RFC 6455 in 2011, and the WebSocket API in Web IDL is being standardized by the W3C.
Web sockets are defined as two-way communication between the servers and the clients, which memeansoth the parties communicate and exchange data at the same time.
The key points of Web Sockets are true concurrency and optimization of performance, resulting in more responsive and rich web applications.
Description of Web Socket Protocol
This protocol defines a full-duplex communication from the ground up. Web sockets take a step forward in bringing desktop-rich functionalities to web browsers. It represents an evolution, which was awaited for a long time in client/server web technology.
The WebSocket API is an advanced technology that makes it possible to open a two-way interactive communication session between the user's browser and a server. With this API, you can send messages to a server and receive event-driven responses without having to poll the server for a reply.
Following are the benefits or advantages of Websockets over HTTP:
➨It supports duplex communication.
➨Using WebSockets, one can send and receive data immediately faster than HTTP. Moreover, they are faster than AJAX.
➨Cross-origin communication (however this poses security risks).
➨Cross-platform compatibility (web, desktop, mobile)
➨HTTP takes up to 2000 bytes of overhead whereas WebSocket takes only 2 bytes.
➨Replace long polling
➨Websockets are data typed but AJAX calls can only send string datatypes.
Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Websockets:
➨Web browser must be fully HTML5 compliant.
➨Websockets have no successful functions like AJAX.
➨Intermediary/Edge caching is not possible with WebSockets, unlike HTTP.
➨To build even a simple protocol of your own, one can not be able to use friendly HTTP statuses, body, etc.
➨If the application does not require a lot of dynamic interaction, HTTP is much simpler to implement.
So, we know a little about how WebSockets work at the layman’s level. But why do they matter? Or rather, what are their specific advantages?
We can break this into 4 easy to understand areas:
Let’s take a closer look at each of these benefits of WebSockets.
The grouping of WebSockets as the model for information push and constant correspondence is all things considered a misnomer around the web as it is portrayed these days. Free of some open-source goals, WebSockets are only a piece of the riddle when growing constant applications.
There is a huge number of functional issues an engineer might run into when utilizing WebSockets as their continuous arrangement, especially as the application scales and the client base develops innovation like: Firewalls, Network geography, Load Testing, and Security.
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