A brief explanation about the Java Hibernate

A brief explanation about the Java Hibernate
Written by Sagar RabidasFebruary 18, 2022
10 min read
Sagar Rabidas

Software Developer

In this blog, we will discuss Java Hibernate.

Definition of Java Hibernate:-

Java hibernate is an object-relational mapping tool (ORM) allowing the mapping of item-orientated fashions to relational databases for internet applications with the aid of presenting a framework. Mapping of entities in a java class to tables created in a database and mapping from java statistics sorts to square data sorts is one of the primary functions of hibernate. You can additionally inquire or retrieve records using hibernate. It relieves the developer from manually dealing with the database.

Understanding Java Hibernate:-

Java gadgets and database server interacts with each different through hibernate. Hibernate will work to persist the java items relying upon the precise o/r styles and reputation mechanisms. The architecture of hibernate is layered such that the user does no longer wants to know the underlying APIs to function. It is with the help of the database and configuration statistics that hibernate can provide staying power offerings and items to the software. The structure of hibernating includes items like a session manufacturing unit, transaction manufacturing unit, chronic item, and many others.

Hibernate framework uses many objects such as session factory, session, transaction, etc. along with existing Java API such as JDBC (Java Database Connectivity), JTA (Java Transaction API), and JNDI (Java Naming Directory Interface).

There are four layers in Hibernate architecture. These are listed below:

  • Layer 1 – Java Application Layer
  • Layer 2 – Hibernate Framework Layer
  • Layer 3 – Backend API Layer
  • Layer 4 – Database Layer

Why do we Need Hibernate in Java:-

To retrieve records from the database writing time and again the equal lines of code for your utility time and again can be tiring and irritating. Additionally, switching from one database to another, enforcing oops with JDBC, growing associations among database tables require masses of attempts and rework if achieved without the usage of the hibernate framework. As already instructed, java hibernate is an orm device that helps ease all these issues confronted at the same time as the usage of JDBC for database connectivity.

While compared to JDBC, hibernate will join itself with the database. To execute the queries, hibernate uses hibernate question language or HQL. Once the queries have been finished hibernate will then carry out the mapping of the results to their respective utility layer. This mapping outcomes in items is primarily based on the residences noted inside the configuration XML file of hibernating. A consultation does now not only help software in developing a connection with the database but also works toward saving and fetching the persistent item in hibernate. Using session factory (that's an interface) you can create an example of a session and use this instance just that there have to handiest be one session manufacturing facility for every database. For example, if an application is the usage of databases namely- MySQL and oracle, one session manufacturing facility have to be maintained for MySQL and one session factory needs to be maintained for oracle. No consultation factories may be maintained for oracle or MySQL on my own.

Benifites of Java Hibernate:-

Item relational mapping or orm is a solution to the trouble of mapping the item domain version to relational patience series effortlessly. Hibernate is to be had at no cost and an open-sourced object-relational mapping library for java particularly built to map gadgets to any relational database management device. It's also beneficial in enforcing the ideas of item-oriented programming in a relational database.

Let us have a look at some of the main advantages we get by implementing ORM-

  1. High Yielding: If an application is carried out with the assistance of JDBC, one in every of the most important challenges confronted is the time this is spent in developing, tuning, and maintaining the code that is relevant to JDBC. The solution to this is orm. By using the usage of orm, the time taken by the software to be applied decreases exponentially as there is no want to study the code and mapping mechanism. The database is effectively controlled by way of a sturdy, equipped, and dependent on orm engine.
  2. Well Structured: ORM has an effective design pattern that is put into effect and tested well. It does not require redoing an already completed task which is also tried, tested, and is being used again thus saving time.

Benifites of Hibernate:-

Hibernate implements the architectural design pattern of ORM just as similar to other implementations. It has got many pros and cons. Now we’ll list down the advantages of using the Hibernate.

They are as under :

  1. Database Independent: At the backend, Hibernate is independent of an engine of the database.
  2. Built-In Connection Pool Implementation: Hibernate integrates with the most reliable connection pool implementation, that is, C3P0 automatically.
  3. Layered Architecture: Hibernate is considered as a layered architecture, thus ensuring that we don’t obligate to make use of everything that is provided by Hibernate. We just make use of those features which we may think are light enough for the project.
  4. JPA Provider: Java Persistence API, that is, JPA is considered as a specification. There are a lot of implementations that are available for JPA such as EclipseLink, OpenJPA, and many more. It is a standard ORM solution and in addition, encompasses JPA capability. Therefore, usage of hibernating helps us in leveraging all of the capabilities of ORM as well as JPA in JPA-specific projects.


Hibernate is consequently an orm tool used in the mapping of database systems with java gadgets at run time. The use of hibernates that's a chronic framework lets the developers cognizance of simply business common sense code writing no matter writing correctly as well as an awesome patience layer that consists of writing the square queries, connection control, and JDBC code.

Java Hibernate
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Sagar Rabidas
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