Introduction to Linux Install

Introduction to Linux Install
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Written by Sagar RabidasDecember 7, 2021
8 min read
Linux Administration
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Techiio-author
Sagar Rabidas

Software Developer

In this blog, we will discuss Introduction to Linux Install.

Linux:-

In the Linux ecosystem, the install command is but similar to the Linux cp command. As per the user requirement, the install command is used to copy the data on the destination location. The install command can use the different copy command (as cp), owner change or update command (shown), permission change or update command (chmod), strip commands, etc.

Syntax of Install Command:-

install [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
install [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
install [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...
install [OPTION]... -d DIRECTORY...

  • Install: We can use the install keyword in the syntax or command. It will accept the arguments like option, suffix values, path. The install command will help to copy the data, change permissions, etc.
  • OPTION: We can provide the different flags as options that are compatible with the ping command.
  • DIRECTORY: In the install command, we can use the suffix values to reduce the number of calculations for converting the time values into a second value.

Linux Distribution:-

Linux distribution is an operating system that is made up of a collection of software based on Linux kernel or you can say distribution contains the Linux kernel and supporting libraries and software. And you can get Linux based operating system by downloading one of the Linux distributions and these distributions are available for different types of devices like embedded devices, personal computers, etc. Around 600 + Linux Distributions are available and some of the popular Linux distributions are:

  • MX Linux
  • Manjaro
  • Linux Mint
  • elementary
  • Ubuntu
  • Debian
  • Solus
  • Fedora
  • openSUSE
  • Deepin

Linux Install Command work:

In Linux, there are different ways to copy the data from the source location to the destination location. Install is one of the utilities to do the same task. It does not only copy the data but also changes the ownership and change the permission as well. The install command accepts the different compatible options with location and performs the copy, owner, and permission change task.

Below are the lists of options for the install command.

  • –backup[=CONTROL]: It will backup each existing destination file
  • –b: It is similar to –backup option but does not accept an argument
  • -c: the option is used to ignore
  • -C: the option is used for the –compare. It will compare each pair of source and destination files.
  • -d: It is used for the –directory. It will treat all arguments as directory names.
  • -g: It is used for the –group=GROUP option. It will help to set the group ownership.
  • -m: It is used for the –mode=MODE option. It will help to set the permission mode.
  • -o: It is used for the –owner=OWNER option. It will help to set the ownership model.
  • -s “–strip”: It is used for the strip symbol table.
  • -S –suffix=SUFFIX: It is useful to override the usual backup suffix.
  • -t: It is helpful to copy all the source data or file into the directory.
  • -T: It will treat the destination as a normal file.
  • -v: As per the directory creation, it will print the name of each directory –verbose.
  • -P: It will help to prevent the SELinux security context.
  • -Z: It will set the security SELinux context of the destination file to be the default type.

Advantages of Linux:-

  • The main advantage of Linux is it is an open-source operating system. This means the source code is easily available for everyone and you are allowed to contribute, modify and distribute the code to anyone without any permissions.
  • In terms of security, Linux is more secure than any other operating system. It does not mean that Linux is 100 percent secure it has some malware for it but is less vulnerable than any other operating system. So, it does not require any anti-virus software.
  • The software updates in Linux are easy and frequent.
  • Various Linux distributions are available so that you can use them according to your requirements or according to your taste.
  • Linux is freely available to use on the internet.
  • It has large community support.
  • It provides high stability. It rarely slows down or freezes and there is no need to reboot it after a short time.
  • It maintains the privacy of the user.
  • The performance of the Linux system is much higher than other operating systems. It allows a large number of people to work at the same time and it handles them efficiently.
  • It is network-friendly.
  • The flexibility of Linux is high. There is no need to install a complete Linux suit; you are allowed to install only the required components.
  • Linux is compatible with a large number of file formats.
  • It is fast and easy to install from the web. It can also install on any hardware even on your old computer system.
  • It performs all tasks properly even if it has limited space on the hard disk.

Disadvantages of Linux:-

  • It is not very user-friendly. So, it may be confusing for beginners.
  • It has small peripheral hardware drivers as compared to windows.
linux
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