.NET Core is a new version of the .NET Framework, which is a free, open-source, general-purpose development platform maintained by Microsoft. It is a cross-platform framework that runs on Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems.
.NET Core Framework can be used to build different types of applications such as mobile, desktop, web, cloud, IoT, machine learning, microservices, game, etc.
.NET Core is written from scratch to make it a modular, lightweight, fast, and cross-platform Framework. It includes the core features that are required to run a basic .NET Core app. Other features are provided as NuGet packages, which you can add to your application as needed. In this way, the .NET Core application speed up the performance, reduce the memory footprint, and becomes easy to maintain.
The key terminology in the architecture of .net core is as follows:
Let us see the key terminologies in the architecture of the .Net Core.
There are some limitations with the .NET Framework. For example, it only runs on the Windows platform. Also, you need to use different .NET APIs for different Windows devices such as Windows Desktop, Windows Store, Windows Phone, and Web applications. In addition to this, the .NET Framework is a machine-wide framework. Any changes made to it affect all applications taking a dependency on it. Learn more about the motivation behind .NET Core here.
Today, it's common to have an application that runs across devices; a backend on the web server, admin front-end on windows desktop, web, and mobile apps for consumers. So, there is a need for a single framework that works everywhere. So, considering this, Microsoft created .NET Core. The main objective of .NET Core is to make .NET Framework open-source, cross-platform compatible that can be used in a wide variety of verticals, from the data center to touch-based devices.
.Net Core is a platform on top of which there are frameworks such as ASP .Net Core and Universal Windows Platform that leverage and extend the features of .Net Core.
Let us look at the features of .Net Core that make life easy for developers.
.Net Core is truly cross-platform. This is Microsoft’s future platform for integrated development environments for the devices of the future. .Net Core focuses on Web, Windows Store, and touch-based devices.
.Net Core will greatly help you in making applications that cater to the future needs of devices and platforms. The design principles of .Net Core ensure that you follow the best practices of development. There is a rapidly growing need for a more robust and interactive application experience, be it web-based or mobile-based. This, in turn, drives the need for an improved, simpler, and developer-friendly platform. Gone are those days when an application developed in one platform would not work on another platform. Today demands to develop applications that are built once and run everywhere. .Net Core is built upon this ideology and learning it would help you create better applications for modern devices.
The .NET Core platform is not like its predecessor .Net Framework. It is a new .NET stack that is optimized for open-source development and agile delivery through NuGet. While the .NET Framework was designed to be cross-platform, it was largely a Windows-only platform. .NET Core is truly cross-platform. Microsoft is looking to be future-ready and .Net Core is a very fruitful step towards that. It is recommended for interested readers to deep dive more into .Net Core by reading Microsoft Developers blogs. For those who are keen to start building apps in .Net Core, the best way is to start with a shell project in .Net Core in Visual Studio.
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