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C is a high-position general-purpose language developed by American computer scientist Dennis. Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at Bell Labs of AT&T (American Telephone & Telegraph) located in the theU.S.A. It was constructed for writing UNIX operating system. It's written in assembly language. Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan published the first edition K & R C or “ The C Programming Language” in 1978. Linux OS, Perl, Matz’s Ruby, NumPy, Java’s first compiler, web waiters like Apache, Nginx, and RDBMS MySQL are all written inC. It's the successor of three structured languages i.e. BCPL (Basic Combined Programming Language), ALGOL (Algorithmic Language), and B. Numerous features of C were inherited from these languages while numerous new features were also introduced similar as pointers, struct, data types, etc.
In 1983 American National Norms Institute (ANSI) set up a commission to regularize the language as it was being used in systems concerning marketable and government systems.
It's a structure acquainted programming language. It allows direct access to memory and direct control over the low-position aspects of the computer. It's substantially used for system development work similar to designing databases, operating systems, language practitioners, language compilers, assemblers, textbook editors, and much further. Numerous heritage programs are also written inC.
It's simple, effective, and easy to learn. It's the base to learn numerous other programming languages so it's occasionally also appertained to as Mama of all programming languages.
One major advantage is that it can be collected on colorful platforms and produces effective programs. It's movable or machine-independent also i.e. program once written in C language can be executed on other machines also. It's robust and there are numerous erected-in functions present, which help programmers to develop programs fluently and efficiently. We can produce our functions also and can add them to the C library. It has a modular structure that works as a catalyst for law debugging, law testing, and conservation of law. It also can extend itself as it can borrow new features fluently and effectively. Its versatility makes its effective choice for high data manipulation software similar to 3D vitality.
It's a case-sensitive language i.e. continue and CONTINUE is treated else. C follows rules and regulations rigorously hence is an explosively tight syntax grounded programming language. It also provides the functionality of pointers by which the stoner can directly relate or interact with the memory. We can use recursion i.e. calling the function in its description itself hence enabling the use of countermanding.
It's a procedural language i.e. instructions are carried out step by step. It's also a statically compartmented language (Statically compartmented languages are those in which the type of variable is checked during the collect time, not at run time. They're briskly in comparison to stoutly compartmented language) hence crimes are detected during a software development cycle.
t has an aggregate of 32 Keywords and 45 drivers so it's easy to study and simple to learn. It follows a top-down programming approach. There are 5 erected-in data types i.e. integer (int), pier, character ( housekeeper), double and void.
C programs are delicate to remedy and understand (unless commentary is duly written). C provides no data protection and C compilers can only descry crimes, they can not handle exceptions.
There are numerous performances of C, the rearmost one is C11, introduced in 2011, supported by all standard C language compilers.
You can install a C compiler that converts the C language program into machine language on your systems to run any C program because without compendium no program written in C can be executed. There are numerous compilers for C like Turbo C, GCC, Microsoft Visual Studio Express, Xcode, Pelles C, and numerous further.
Numerous IDEs are also there to work on C similar to NetBeans, DevC, Eclipse, Code Blocks, MinGW, and numerous further.
Now let us see the installation process of Turbo C on Windows.
When you will open the open link, the option to download turbo C++ will appear. Click and download it.
Now, you must create turbo c directory inside c: drive and extract the zip file in this directory.
Now a window will appear asking for permission to install or not, press enter to install C.
After pressing enter a window will appear. Change the drive to C
It will look the directory for the required files.
Select start installation option by the down arrow key and then press enter.
C is properly installed in your system. So press enter to read a document or close the window.
Now select or double click on TC application to start programming.
Start coding in C and execute your programs.
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